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The U.S. Interfered In Foreign Presidential Elections 81 Times From 1946-2000
12-23-2016, 09:36 AM,
The U.S. Interfered In Foreign Presidential Elections 81 Times From 1946-2000
The U.S. Interfered In Foreign Presidential Elections 81 Times From 1946-2000

<p><a href=""><em>Submitted by Mike Krieger via Liberty Blitzkrieg blog,</em></a></p>
<p><em><a href=""><img height="180" src="" width="241" /></a></em></p>
<p>Something we should all be aware of.</p>
<p>From the <a href="" target="_blank"><em>LA Times</em></a>:</p>
<blockquote><div class="quote_start"><div></div></div><div class="quote_end"><div></div></div><p><em>The CIA&nbsp;has accused Russia of interfering in the 2016 presidential election&nbsp;by hacking&nbsp;into Democratic and Republican computer networks and selectively releasing&nbsp; emails. But critics might point out the U.S. has done similar things. </em></p>
<p><em><strong>The U.S. has a long history of attempting to influence presidential elections in other countries&nbsp;&ndash; it&rsquo;s done so&nbsp;as many as 81 times between 1946 and 2000,</strong> according to a database amassed by political scientist Dov Levin of Carnegie Mellon University.</em></p>
<p><em>That number&nbsp;doesn&rsquo;t include military coups and regime change efforts&nbsp;following the election of candidates the U.S. didn&rsquo;t like, notably those in Iran, Guatemala and Chile. Nor does it&nbsp;include general assistance with the electoral process, such as election monitoring.</em></p>
<p><em><strong>Levin defines&nbsp;intervention as &ldquo;a costly act which is designed to determine the election results [in favor of] one of the two sides.&rdquo;</strong> These acts, carried out in secret two-thirds of the time,&nbsp;include funding the election campaigns of specific parties, disseminating misinformation or propaganda, training locals of only one side in various campaigning&nbsp;or get-out-the-vote techniques, helping one side design their campaign materials, making public pronouncements or threats in favor of or against a candidate, and providing or withdrawing foreign aid.</em></p>
<p><em>The U.S. hasn&rsquo;t been the only one&nbsp;trying to interfere&nbsp;in other countries&rsquo; elections, according to Levin&rsquo;s data.&nbsp;Russia attempted to sway 36 foreign elections from the end of World War II to the turn of the century&nbsp;&ndash; meaning that, in total, at least one of the two great powers of the 20th century intervened in about 1 of every 9 competitive, national-level executive elections in that time period.</em></p>
<p><em>In the 1990 Nicaragua elections, the CIA&nbsp;leaked damaging information on alleged corruption by the Marxist&nbsp;Sandinistas to German newspapers, according to Levin. The opposition used those reports against the Sandinista&nbsp;candidate, Daniel&nbsp;<a href="" id="PEOCVC000166" target="_blank" title="Oscar Ramiro Ortega-Hernandez">Ortega</a>. He lost to opposition candidate&nbsp;Violeta Chamorro.</em></p>
<p><em>In Haiti after the 1986 overthrow of dictator and U.S. ally Jean-Claude &ldquo;Baby Doc&rdquo; Duvalier, the&nbsp;CIA&nbsp;sought to&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank">support&nbsp;particular candidates</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;undermine&nbsp;Jean-Bertrande Aristide, a Roman Catholic priest and proponent of liberation theology. <strong>The New York Times reported&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank">in the 1990s</a>&nbsp;that the CIA&nbsp;had on its payroll&nbsp;members of the military junta that would ultimately unseat Aristide&nbsp;after&nbsp;he was&nbsp;democratically elected in a landslide over&nbsp;Marc Bazin, a former&nbsp;<a href="" id="ORGOV000265" target="_blank" title="World Bank Group">World Bank</a>&nbsp;official and finance minister favored by the U.S.</strong></em></p>
<p><em>The U.S. also attempted to sway&nbsp;Russian elections. In 1996, with the presidency of Boris Yeltsin and the Russian economy&nbsp;flailing, President Clinton endorsed a $10.2-billion loan from the&nbsp;<a href="" id="ORGOV0000244" target="_blank" title="International Monetary Fund">International Monetary Fund</a>&nbsp;linked to privatization, trade liberalization and other measures that would&nbsp;move Russia toward a capitalist economy. Yeltsin used the loan to bolster his popular support, telling voters that only he had the reformist credentials to secure such loans,&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank">according to media reports at the time</a>.&nbsp;He used the money, in part, for social spending before the election, including payment of back wages and pensions.&nbsp;</em></p>
<p>Read the entire article at the <em><a href="" target="_blank">LA Times</a>.</em></p>

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