Full Version: Solar Flares Caused the Permian & Cretaceous Mass Extinctions - Mars
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Quote:Dr Roger Smith of the South African Museum shows where the dark Permian soil has been overlaid by reddish post apocalyptic mudstone, that delineates an event that wiped out around 95% of all species 252 million yrs ago.

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Whale Bones on Mars - Curiosity Sol 1276, March 9, 2016.

Quote:Mass extinction data that neglects the visible record on Planet Mars is entirely out of date, shots returned by the NASA Curiosity, Opportunity & Spirit Mars Rovers indicate the shallow sea that covered much of the planet actually boiled away, which means atmospheric pressure must have suffered a dramatic fall, postulate the same type of Solar events [flares] that caused Mars seas to boil have caused periodic mass extinctions on Earth, including the Permian Catastrophe as delineated by Dr Smith above.

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Quote:There  were no dinosaurs in the pre Permian Triassic era, the major lifeforms  were mammal like reptiles called Synapsids like the Dimetrodon above,  the dinos eventually appeared after evolution got underway again around  10 million yrs after the Permian event, and were wiped out approximately  176 million yrs after that at 66 million years ago in a similar  extinction called the Cretaceous Catastrophe, which in this model was  also the result of Solar flares.

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Quote:Creatures  that survived the Permian extinction include certain types of marine  shellfish, sharks, byozoans which are a group of small animals  resembling corals, crinoids relatives of starfishes, ammonoids including  the chambered nautilus, the coelacanth and horseshoe crabs.

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Quote:Despite  Mars' very shallow seas boiled away completely and its atmosphere  vaporized, on Earth the actual period of lessened atmospheric pressure,  that caused the lakes and rivers and the top layers of sea water to boil  off was fairly short, water pressure in the deep seas and in the  deepest freshwater lakes and rivers prevented their boiling, while the  atmosphere had regained enough pressure to halt the process before the  wave of boiling gained the depths.

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YT - Benjamin Burger, The Permian / Triassic Boundary in the Rocks of Utah.
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Voat: Snapping Turtle Coming Out of Hibernation.

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Quote:The skull of the Alligator Snapping Turtle at right above in common with the Loggerhead Sea Turtle skull at left has an Anapsid Skull which means it lacks temporal fenestra or windows, identifying it as from the most primitive subclass of reptiles that appeared approximately 340 million years ago during the Carboniferous period.

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Quote:Synapsids which have a single temporal window the most famous of which is the Dimetrodon, a class which appeared in the late Permian and became extinct in the Permian Catastrophe which wiped out 95% of all species 252 million yrs ago.

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Quote:And Diapsids a class which includes modern lizards, snakes and birds which have two temporal fenestra, all evolved from the single archtype that lives on in the order Testudines which includes all shellbacks, turtles, tortoises and terrapins Smile InternetWiki.

We are gonna say the Snapping Turtle's habit of remaining buried under mud for months at a time enabled it to escape the ravaging Solar Flares and the era of boiling that came in their wake, which indeed precipitated the Permian Extinction.

This species survived the Permian and Cretaceous Catastrophes.

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Quote:Proganochelys Quenstedti is the oldest stem turtle species with a complete shell discovered to date, known only from fossils found in Germany and Thailand in strata from the late Triassic, dating to approximately 210 million years ago.

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Permian–Triassic Extinction Event.

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Quote:Skull of Gorgonopsian Scymnognathus Major from South Africa .. an extinct genus of therapsid which lived about 260-254 million years ago during the Late Permian.